Avocado may be the fruit of the evergreen tree Perseus americana (Persea americana) from the laurel loved ones (Lavraceae) from warm America. And avocados are called alligator pear, alligator of typically the pear.
Avocados include at least eleven vitamins and fourteen minerals and avocado calories half is too high. It contains a lot of vitamin Electronic – the main antioxidant. The oily pulp of an avocado does not consist of heavy fats (all its fats are monounsaturated, like inside olive oil) and cholesterol. The pulp of a ready fruit consists associated with 30% vegetable fat, which nourish and repair tissue tissue. Avocado will aid to forget about dry skin in addition to return shine in order to dull hair. It is helpful to consume 1 avocado twice a week, in winter – three times weekly (if presently there are no issues with excess weight).
Types and kinds
There are three types of avocado: Philippine, Guatemalan, and Western world Indian.
The Mexican avocado has thin-skinned fruits, and the particular leaves of the shrub, when rubbed, smell like anise. This is a cold-hardy culture that will well at the subtropics. The Guatemalan avocado has large fruits with thick epidermis; these trees are more capricious and less cold-resistant. The most delicate variety of avocado is typically the West Indian, cultivated mainly in the tropics.
All modern avocado varieties may date back to these three types. With regard to example, the Mexicola and Puebla kinds cultivated by Russian gardeners are Philippine, and the Fuerte variety is a hybrid of Philippine and Guatemalan avocados.
In general, there are about 400 varieties of avocados in typically the world, they fluctuate in shape (round, pear-shaped or oblong), size (from small , the size regarding a plum, in order to large, weighing up to a kilogram) and taste associated with the fruit. The particular color of the particular peel can also be different, through light green to be able to black and dark purple. In most cases, avocados both remain green as they ripen, or differ from green to darkish, sometimes even dark-colored when ripe.
The most common types that are often located on the shelves associated with our stores usually are:
? gwen (Gwen), with medium or big fruits of any round or slightly oblong shape, green bumpy skin and yellow-green flesh, with a gentle egg flavor;
? zutano (Zutano), an elongated pear-shaped avocado with a smooth, very easily peeled green pores and skin, the taste of white or yellow flesh is a new bit like a great apple;
? reed (Reed), with round or oblong fruits, thicker pimply dark environmentally friendly skin and lightweight yellow-colored flesh, taste : with a tip of pear plus nut;
? fuerte (Fuerte), a pear-shaped fruits with a easy shiny green epidermis along with a delicate sweetish creamy taste;
? Pinkerton (Pinkerton), fruit elongated pear-shaped with a green flaky pores and skin, darkening as maturation, and yellowish pulp with gentle nice taste;
? Hass (Hass), is the the majority of common, the only commercially available throughout the year, oval fruit using a thick, in the particular mature form regarding a black-skinned and white or yellowish oily pulp in addition to nutty flavor;
? bread (Bacon), with oblong juicy fruits, protected with a easy thin dark green skin, the flavor is weak;
? mexicola (Mexicola), cold-resistant, rather drought-resistant variety, which gives the maximum yield in the Caucasus. Fruits considering up to a hundred g, dark purple, almost black when ripe, ripen in late August-September;
? puebla (Puebla), also a cold-resistant plant, ripens within the Gagra location in November-December, offers semi-ovate fruits along with dark brown epidermis, weighing up to 200 g;
? Half avocado calories (Ettinger) has the particular shape of a new pear with a good easy-to-release large bone and soft pulp that melts in the mouth. Inside Israel, from where avocados of this specific variety are released to Russia, ettinger will be the first selection of the growing season: that ripens with the start of autumn (haas, fuerte, pinkerton and reed in His home country of israel ripen later).